Occupational Therapy to Improve Improper Pencil Grip in Children

The Disco Biscuits - City Bisco - 10/5/12 - The Mann Center for the Performing Arts - Philadelphia, PA - Photo © Dave Vann 2012

There are a number of developmental, cognitive and intellectual aberrations that may present with difficulties in learning capabilities and school performance. Healthcare providers suggest early identification and appropriate management or training can lead to absolutely normal or near normal development in children that does not interfere with personal, social and occupational aspects of life in adulthood.

Improper pencil grip is the leading cause of poor handwriting as a result of impaired motor skills. It has been observed that development of pencil grip and good hand-writing is an automatic reflex that develops during the early years of schooling; however, in some children this reflex is significantly impaired. There are a number of parameters that are used by educators and teachers to determine the hand-writing and pencil grip in school- aged children as young as 9 to 10 years. The parameters like use of appropriate spacing between letters and words, accuracy of letter formation, legibility, letter size uniformity, letter slant, and alignment of words on the sheet are used as important tool in the assessment of improper pencil grip in children.

Research conducted by Carter and Synolds suggested that the majority of the children with handwriting abnormalities develop symptoms of learning disabilities in coming years.

Colleen M. Schneck conducted a research study on 60 school-aged children to assess the handwriting skills in accordance with the pencil grip and identified that the children who presented with poor handwriting also performed poorly at pencil gripping test (drawing tasks) and also manifested symptoms of impaired proprioceptive-kinesthetic awareness (impaired hand preference and perception of pencil and paper and distance of pencil from paper).

Research conducted by Benbow suggests that the position of head and distance of the writing surface from eyes plays a very important role in the development of improper grip. He explained that if the actual cause is not identified at an early age, the chances are high that the developmental disabilities or learning deficits may go unnoticed or misdiagnosed, affecting the entire life of the child. Benbow coined the term somesthetic feedback that is a form of visual compensation as the distance between the eyes and writing surface is very little, leading to fatigued visual input.

Research conducted by Laszlo and Bairstow suggested that children are unable to master their writing skills and proprioceptive-kinesthetic ability (the response of joints to the movements performed by fingers) until at least 6 years of age; but various simple tasks can help in early determination of impaired writing skills. For example an inability to color within boundaries or the inability to build blocks suggests a sluggish proprioceptive-kinesthetic capacity.

Laszlo suggests that assessment of such children in second standard is very helpful in reaching to a diagnosis to establish if the child needs therapy or mere lifestyle modification is enough. Occupational therapy is helpful in all such children as the trained therapists can identify and diagnose improper pencil grip reflex earlier than the healthcare providers and advise therapies for treatment.

How to Decide Which Cosmetics Effectively Control Oily Skin

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Oily skin is one of the most common skin problems faced by teenagers and adults alike. The cosmetics industry has given rise to thousands of different skin care products over the past few decades to address this issue. Some have proven to be incredibly effective, while many have not. An important fact to remember is that while everyone’s skin is unique, the underlying problems that cause oily skin are not. By identifying what is causing oily skin it is easier to choose the right cosmetics to effectively solve the problem.

The reason skin troubles are most often associated with teenagers and young adults is because it is often caused by an increase in testosterone production. Testosterone is a male hormone however it is present men and women alike to varying degrees. The amount of testosterone in the bloodstream is a primary factor which causes excessive sebum production and secretion. It is important to note that other environmental and physical factors affect sebum production and secretion as well.

Controlling sebum production and secretion is the key to controlling oily skin. Excessive sebum secretion creates an oily film on the skin. Not only does this physically make the skin feel oily but it also increases the retention of dead skin cells. It is the retention of dead skin cells which are the leading cause of common skin conditions including pimples, acne, clogged pores, enlarged pores, and rough skin.

To decide which cosmetics will effectively control oily skin, it is important to focus on their underlying approach. The first thing effective cosmetics need to do is control the excessive sebum and dead skin cell accumulation. It is impossible to completely stop this process but it can be effectively limited.

Additionally, effective cosmetics must provide additional nourishment and relaxation to promote healthy skin growth. Unhealthy skin is at an increased risk of bacterial growth and the formation of free fatty acids. This is what causes the inflammation commonly associated with unhealthy skin and acne.

To control oily skin it is also important to utilize a moisturizer that creates a protective layer on the skin. This promotes healthy skin because it prevents the release of elastase and the formation of free radicals. Free radicals are associated with a variety of skin conditions. Finally, an effective cosmetic must thoroughly cleanse the pores. Clean pores not only lead to healthier looking skin but provide an additional defense against inflammation and the release of elastase and free radicals.

When choosing the right cosmetics, it is important to ensure they will control oily skin by combatting all of the problems associated with poor skin health. Some cosmetic companies package multiple products together when each product is designed to combat a specific factor which leads to oily skin. Other companies utilize an all-in-one approach. Neither option is inherently superior as both have proven effective. The key is trying multiple cosmetics to determine which one is the most effective for each person’s unique skin type.

Skin Whitening Tips of Four Effective Foods

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It is every womans wish to have white skin. From the ancient time till now on, people are seeking for secret ways or folk remedy. Here, I would like to introduce some ways for you.

Milk: Prepare a small cup of milk. In summer, you can also put milk into the refrigerator and then apply it on the face. You may feel cool and more comfortable. You can also steam the face with vapor, fill makeup cotton with fresh milk and apply it on the face for about fifteen minutes. Then take it away and wash away milk on your face. If you persist in this way, you can make your skin white and glossy.

Aloe: Put aloe and cucumber into the juicer to squeeze and pour juice into small bowl. Then add egg white, pearl powder, and amount of flour to make a paste. Wash your face clean and wipe the paste over the face. When the paste becomes dry, clean it away and apply skin care products on your face. You can try it one or two times a week.

Tomato and honey: The whitening recipe can be used for the face and hands skins. In particular for acne skin, it is effective in preventing oil and infection to make skin white and tense. Stir tomato into juice and add appropriate amount of honey and stir until a paste. Evenly apply it on the face or hands and wash it after about 15 minutes. It is suggested to do it one or two times a week.

Vinegar and egg liquid: Take out a fresh egg and wash it clean. Put it into 500ml vinegar and soak it for one month. When the eggshell dissolves into the vinegar solution, you can take a small spoon to a cup of boiling water. Stir it and drink one cup every day. Long-term use of vinegar and egg liquid makes the skin smooth and delicate and help people wipe all spots on the face.

If you are interest in it, you can have a try.

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How To Write A Cafe Cinema Business Plan

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The first question you need to answer before writing your cafe cinema business plan – what is a business plan? In short it is a roadmap for your cafe cinema business presenting anyone who gazes as it what the goals of the business are and also shows how those goals should be achieved.

Without a cafe cinema business plan it is doubtful that prospective “angel investors” and the like will invest in your cafe cinema business if that is what you require to start-up or if you need to take it up another level

The plan should be adapted for the would-be lender or the financier. The substance of the plan should show the would-be interests of the lender and promote support for your cafe cinema business venture.

Your cafe cinema business plan is not just for getting you the capital you need – it’s main objective ought to be to point the bearing in which your cafe cinema business is heading.

You must keep your investor’s attention by making the article as reader friendly as possible. Use plain, direct language and graphics to illustrate your ideas. Make sure your content reflects the optimistic approach of the management team. Still, it is advisable to be realistic when presenting economic forecasts.

You must cover the businesses strengths and weaknesses and illustrate how you plan to overcome weaknesses. Show you appreciate the risks concerned and recommend probable solutions for overcoming these risks and offer evidence to support your statements. This will augment credibility to the cafe cinema business plan.

Make a lasting first impression by presenting the document in a clear and professional manner by using a clear, unpretentious design that conveys a skilled image and avoid jargon, keeping the contents concise and hard hitting. Any technical or supporting information ought to be provided in the appendices.

Keep all the numbers between the main body of the document and your appendices – if you put large sections of figures in the body of your article you will distract your backer from the flow of the business plan.

If you are starting a new business; you must give your reasons why you came up with the idea to start this new venture. Give advantages of your particular products or services that you mean to offer to potential clients stating how you intend to get their business. Give details of the market sector whether it’s a growing sector or not, elucidate your pricing policy and how you intend to trade your goods/services. Highlight any rivalry out there and how you intend to compete in this profitable market and make your investor a return on his or her money.

Make apparent the know-how and awards of you and your management team and show how their skills can be harnessed to attain growth possibilities and profitability. Offer information on staffing requirements including CVs for superior management in the Appendices and, if applicable, an organisation chart to illustrate the management construction.

Digital Artist’s Paradise- Cintiq 24hd

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If it was possible for a digital artist to have heaven on earth, it would revolve around Cintiq 24 HD. Wacom’s new tablet Cintiq 24 HD priced at $2500 proves its worth with the state-of-the-art technology and impressive design used in it. It is the best drawing tool that any designer or artist can get. People who work in Photoshop, Manga Studio , Sketch Book Pro or painter with older Wacom models, this means a better finesse with a gentler touch at 24.1 in wide screen (1920×1200 pixels).

There’s a reason why these tablets are so much in demand- it is the easiest and best way to do a lot of drawing in a very less time with more fluency and efficiency. Wacom’s pressure sensitive tablet technology is overlaid by Cintiq on the tablet monitor that removes the cognitive dissonance of working on a tablet while looking at the screen. The Cintiq 24 HD has 2048 levels of pressure sensitivity. It uses two button, wireless, battery-free pen with a rubber grip and a pressure sensitive eraser on the rear end. One of the most useful buttons is the one that calls the on-screen keyboard. A perfect combination of on screen keyboard, side function buttons, and the touch wheel makes it easier to forget physical key board.

Before making a purchase, make sure you have enough room to accommodate this classic yet huge drawing tablet. The flat footprint is 80 x 60cm and depth is 37cm when the screen is fully raised. Also unlike other 18 inch and 21 inch tablets, Cintiq 24 HD does not have a rotating pivot. However, it can be raised to the drawing board angle at any time. Cintiq 24 HD has a glass screen with anti-glare coating which gives a slight yet pleasant resistance to the pen. Calibration, however, can be a small issue like it has been in other Cintiq tablets. The user has to calibrate the cursor to match up with their line of sight as the cursor is a few millimeters below where the pen nib hits the glass. But after a couple of tries, the calibration gets excellent.

The Cintiq 24 HD is worth the money you spend, the space it takes because of the excellent quality of work you get. If you are a digital artist, it is a necessity to enjoy the flawless digital drawing experience.

You Can Watch Movies On The Web And Bring The Hoyts Cinemas Home!!

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Being able to watch movies is always exciting and watching it at the comfort of your home is always an added plus… almost as great as attending the best cinemas. My friends enjoy Hoyts the most. However, browsers generally google around the web to find the exact website that will enable them to watch movies on the web, rather than going to the cinemas.

Of course, most users do not have a clue about how to watch movies online. Actually, the process is rather simple, and erveryone can watch movies from cinemas as long as they have a computer or laptop and a high speed internet connection. Moreover, apart from movies, a film buff can even watch movies trailers online, surf through the categories of Movie titles, check out the hollywood blockbusters, display timings of nearby cinemas and an online database of movie collection. It’s a Pandora’s Box out there with a myriad of sites to watch movies, with greater options than Hoyts cinemas.

When you watch movies online, as opposed to going to any of the huge offering of cinemas (Hoyts, Sky City Event Cinemas etc…), you will experience the same hHoyts hollywood movie on an HD quality picture and dolby surround audio within the comfort of your home by paying just few bucks, (much less than what you pay at the theatres). Moreover, when you register at the cinemas movie portals, you are even served with extra features apart from only the film. You can also watch latest film trailers, hollywood star profiles, make online bookings and access the show timings as well. Even when you book a movie title against a minute payment from a extensive list of categories; you get to read the editorial reviews of that certain movie before purchasing. Thus for everyone it’s definately a win-win scenario and the quality of the film and sound is far ahead than a Blueray.

One of the most important techie issue to watch movies from online cinemas is that there is no need to burn discs, no requirement for streaming video. Rather the process is much easier, where you must register and submit a great value amount, then you get access to the movies to watch. However, to watch movies you do have certain instructions to follow. So here are a copule of the precise instructions which would assist you to watch movies at online cinemas.

o Read the feedback of video-on-demands and give your own impressions.
o Compare the domains and check the navigating and accessibility issues
o Browse the site and select the films you need.
o Find out whether the site is a rental site or not
o Check out the cost of the movies
o Check whether movie player need to be downloaded

Cosmetic Surgery Costa Rica – The Different Concepts

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Lots of humans in modern times are literally so ecstatic about modifying their looks to make a long lasting impression on people. One of the ways that some of the people resort to is cosmetic surgery . Costa Rica societies that focus on cosmetic operations are enthusiastic in making the immediate wonders happen for most of those aspiring people who want to be noticed in a large. You may read straight away to know some of the canonic concepts that revolve around this beauty tendency.

Fundamentally, cosmetic surgery is a reconstruction technique that is used to assist you change your appearance should you wish to. There are various causes which could allow you to be qualified for the cosmetic technique. One of the most valid reasons to undergo cosmetic surgery is physical distortion. Physical distortion of a specific piece of your body, especially your face, can be secondary to a surgical procedure you will probably have gone through. Some of the types of procedures that might justify a cosmetic surgery are cleft palate fusion and facial tumor procedures. These may be named the primary procedures.

Usually, the primary procedure can cause extensive harm to a big component of the face. Because the face is one of the few things that others can notice, one could experience having a low self esteem if he or she does not get immediate cosmetic surgery . Costa Rica aesthetic medicals specialist extremely understands this topic, This is the reason that they recommend the useful things that cosmetic surgery can bring to you who underwent other types of surgeries prior to aesthetic surgery.

There are various different kinds cosmetic surgery. Costa Rica medical specialists provide to various needs by providing renovation operations not simply for the face but on other regions of the body also. Among the less usual types of surgery available to the people, the hand plastic surgery and the burn reconstruction approach are already demonstrating steadying increase in popularity among those who’ve been wanting to avail of these services.

These different kinds of operations are generally not unproblematic operations, although they may be considered as minor types of procedures. Usually, the operating surgeon will demand graft construction. This is extremely true for operative methods that affect the skin. Because not all types of gaps on your skin can be promptly addressed using unreal substitutes, you could expect that skin grafts will be excised from other skin areas on your body.

Artist Helps Dementia Patients

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Popular painter Sarah-Jane Szikora has announced that she is using her artistic abilities to help dementia patients.

The northern artist announced on her personal blog that she is currently involved in the initial stages of designing and refurbishing three dementia wards in Bradford teaching hospitals.

Sarah-Jane said she hopes that her personal experience of dementia through her mother’s illness will help other people who are affected by the condition.

She wrote in her blog: “Through art, I can also use the experience and hopefully turn it into something positive for others. We must always strive to see the brighter side of life amidst the darkness of living. Laughter, after all, is the best medicine.”

The artist is spending less time on producing Sarah-Jane Szikora prints so that she can fully concentrate her efforts on the design and refurbishment project.

Sarah-Jane has called for further investment from potential donors as the scheme is mainly funded by charity and only receives a small amount from the NHS.

She added on her blog: “So what we lack in funds, we must try and make up for in creativity!”

Sarah-Jane recently told the arts and culture journal Fally rag that she hopes that her light-hearted and humorous prints of giant gingerbread man and confectionary characters provide people with happiness.

She told the publication: “The world doesn’t owe you happiness; you must earn it. Get on that journey of self-discovery and change something. Art helped me to be happy, so hopefully by offering my results, I can pass a little bit of that on.”

Sarah-Jane said that she wanted to inspire human warmth and connection through her irreverent artwork as she does not want to add to the despair that some people already experience.

“The world has seen enough misery without Tracy Emin’s dirty knickers thrown in,” she told Fally rag.

Life drawing classes at the Cleveland College of Art inspired Szikora’s passion for illustrating the human body, which she has now evolved to create extreme comedy figures.

People interested in viewing Sarah-Jane Szikora prints will be pleased to know that the artist said that she will soon be revealing the dates of some gallery events taking place in July.

The artist also said on her blog that she had the pleasure of going to an exhibition in Newcastle which displayed Fabian Perez prints.

Sarah-Jane Szikora prints have been displayed in Harrods, Selfridges and several important exhibitions across the United Kingdom.

Characteristics Of Beautiful Filipina Ladies

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There are so many beautiful Filipina ladies all over the world. Some of them have found true love in foreign shores. Others are overseas Filipino workers. And some are students. And today, more and more interracial marriages between a beautiful Filipina lady and a handsome foreign man are happening.

In case you have not heard, many foreign men would love to marry a Filipina. This is why some of them go to the Philippines in search for their one true Filipina love. Others resort to an easier way in meeting Filipina ladies. This is done through online dating sites. Whichever method you choose, you will definitely find the Filipina lady who is perfect for you. Just give it time and effort.

What makes Filipina ladies beautiful? Why do these foreign men love to marry a Filipina?

Physically, Filipina ladies are beautiful. Their petite frames, fair complexion, sexy bodies, and beautiful skin make them wonderful to look at. The different ancestors of Filipinos can be seen in the different features of Filipinas. You will find some Filipinas who are Spanish looking. Some have Chinese eyes. And others have round eyes.

Aside from physical beauty, there is inner beauty. And this is what makes so many foreign men fall in love with a Filipina. More than her physical beauty, her inner beauty is something that any man will fall in love with.

Beautiful Filipina ladies are known for being very accommodating and hospitable. Whenever their loved ones need them, they will happily accommodate them in their homes and in their schedules. Beautiful Filipina ladies will undoubtedly free up their schedules for family and friends.

Beautiful Filipina ladies are devoted wives, daughters, and sisters. They love devoting their time and effort to their families. As a wife, a Filipina will always see to it that the needs of her husband and children are met. She will always make sure that sumptuous food is served at the dining table. And she is very adept with the different household chores. She knows how to cook, do the laundry, wash the dishes, sweep the floor, and others. Whenever her husband or children need her, she will be there with her support and love. The same is true for a Filipina as a daughter and sister. She will also give her all for her parents and siblings.

These are the different characteristics of beautiful Filipina ladies. If you know a Filipina, I am sure that you have already seen this first-hand. If not, befriend a Filipina today and see for yourself.

Eco Gifts 5 Tips On Giving Stylish Eco Freindly Gifts

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Increasingly there is an awareness of the ecological aspect of gift giving, both on an individual level, and by companies who are anxious to incorporate sustainability as a part of their gift giving. We are often asked to supply eco gifts, and find it is not difficult to find suitable gifts, but it may take a little extra thought.

This does not mean adopting a tie-dyed hippy approach, but instead a little consideration to find stylish yet more sustainable gifts. We have all experienced one of those other gifts at some time. Multi layered packaging, which eventually reveals a clam-shell like plastic casing, which in turn protects its treasure of some cheaply made item which barely lasts past Christmas. All which will find its way to the nearest landfill before long.

There are many ways to give more eco friendly gifts. Five of the key considerations are:

Shop locally.
If you are supplying a locally made gift, you will not be adding additional transportation miles to the finished product. You are also in a position to know more about the environmental stance and reputation of the manufacturer as regards pollution, recycling etc.

Buy quality.
Cheaply made products inevitably do not last, requiring replacement sooner and creating more waste. The recipient and the environment will appreciate your good judgment in choosing a quality item instead of an alternative of inferior quality.

Encourage environmentally sound behaviour with your gift.
For example give a tree to be planted, or perhaps a book on gardening or environmental issues. Consider solar powered gifts, or those that can take batteries which are solar powered. Children can be enthused with gifts like a paper making kit (involving recycling of paper) or making a worm house

Choose the most appropriate gifts you can.
Spend time considering your recipients. Well chosen gifts will encourage their usage and retention. This makes your gift more appreciated, and less likely to make a quick journey to the landfill. Consider artisan hand made gifts. These may be more unique, and can have more appeal on an emotional level, and therefore be retained longer. They may also be better made than a mass manufactured alternative, and therefore will last longer.

Consider the materials your gift is made with, and packed in.
Are there more natural materials or even recycled options available? Is there a more natural packaging alternative, for example woven flax gift baskets, jute bags or wooden boxes made from sustainably harvested pine trees with wood shavings.

With a little thought and consideration of environmental impact, your gifts can be both stylish and sustainable.

We are happy to help with advice, and you should not hesitate to ask your gift retailer for more information, which will encourage more stocking of environmentally sound products.

You will find more information on the Eco Gifts: Eco Friendly Gifts section of our website.